Introduction  Over the years, building codes, particularly those that relate to energy efficiency have undergone significant improvements. For that, we currently have tested air barriers, more insulation as well as thermal bridging in building enclosures. Similarly, these advancements are significant on the MEP design side. As a result, there is

Introduction  An HVAC engineer is responsible for creating the Heating, Ventilation & Air Conditioning (HVAC) system design according to the requirements of each building. While doing so, there are certain HVAC standards published by various HVAC industry organizations. Most local building codes across the country use these standards as references

Introduction  Photometric plans play a crucial role, especially in commercial or large spaces that need lighting. For instance, it allows lighting designers and architects to determine if space has adequate lighting. At the same time, it confirms the uniformness, intensity, and brightness of light in the room. More importantly, it

Introduction  Keeping commercial spaces comfortable in California can be quite costly, especially if the building still uses traditional HVAC equipment. Luckily, various modern heating & cooling options have proved to be very energy efficient. One such option is the installation of a VRF (Variable Refrigerant Flow) HVAC system.  This ductless