Introduction   Irrigation systems provide supplemental water to ground cover, shrubs, and trees, as required. Also, these systems are used to support environmental mitigations, safety, erosion control, aesthetics as well as stormwater pollution prevention. On the same note, they support planting that helps to maintain the unique visual context of an

Introduction  In commercial and residential buildings, most electrical components are hidden from sight. The only components that are exposed include receptacles and lighting fixtures since their use requires them. However, in industrial buildings, electrical systems are much more evident, since there are no dry walls or dropped ceilings to hide

Introduction  The use of irrigation systems for agricultural production is one of the major uses of water worldwide. Unfortunately, the water demand seems to be exceeding supply, especially as the world population continues to grow.  According to the US Department of Agriculture, about 80 percent of water in the country

Introduction  Most people across the globe spend about 87 percent of their time indoors. Unfortunately, staying indoors for extended periods can have negative health repercussions, especially if the indoor air is polluted. According to the WHO (World Health Organization), contamination of indoor air due to poor ventilation causes about 1.6